DIY open Terrarium with succulent and cactus
Terrariums were all the rage in the 1970s, but the first one was created over a hundred years ago when an English doctor named Nathaniel Ward sealed a cocoon in a glass jar with some moist earth. His idea was to observe an emerging butterfly but was surprised to discover, a few days later, that a fern and some grass had started growing. The result was the ‘Wadian case,’ a kind of portable greenhouse that enabled plant-hunters to transport plants across the world and led to a revolution in agriculture and botany. The cases were also adopted for domestic use to display tropical plants and became a popular feature of elegant houses in the Victorian era.
Today, as more and more people live in urban areas, with less and less contact with nature, terrariums are a clever and convenient ways of bringing the natural world into our homes, where the often excessively dry air makes it difficult to keep certain plants and to enjoy nature on a daily basis. Each one is uniquely decorative landscape, a self-contained ecosystem that requires little maintenance and is deal for those who might not have a green thumb but nevertheless want to have plants growing inside their homes. And creating a terrarium can be fun – for both children and adults.
What to do, step by step
If you follow these simple steps- with patience and creativity. You will have your very own terrarium in no time!
After washing and drying your container, lay your drainage layer and sprinkle activated carbon over.
Drainage is the first and most important consideration when making a terrarium, because glass containers have no holes at the bottom to allow excess water to drain away. Therefore, you must install a ‘drainage layer’ to prevent the water you add (only add very sparingly!) from soaking the roots of your plants and eventually causing them to rot.
Now add the activated carbon on top of the drainage. (The carbon is charcoal that has been treated with oxygen). This absorbs certain toxins and reduces odours. Sprinkling some into your drainage layer will help keep your terrarium contamination-free.
Now after the drainage and carbon is added, add the whole pack of earth. Once the drainage, carbon and earth is added from the enclosed packs, the total together will now be around a 1/3 of the container.
Carefully remove each plant from its pot and gently free the roots, so that these can establish themselves in the earth (substrate) in your terrarium.
Make a small hole in the earth large enough to accommodate the roots, insert these, and cover them with some earth, taking care not to bury the stem of the plant.
Now press down the earth (substrate) around the plant until it will stand by itself.
Now add the gravel to make a decorative border around the sides of the container, use a spoon to help. Pick it up and turn it around to see what it looks like until you achieve the desired effect. Place the preserved moss (from the pack) in the middle of the composition. This will give your terrarium interest and individuality.
Use a brush to remove any dust or other residue from the glass and the plants themselves and keep them looking good. Add a minimum of water to your terrarium, using a spoon or a spray bottle.
Once your plants have settled in and are starting to grow, don’t be afraid to trim them by pinching off the ends of the longer shoots with your thumb and forefinger. Just by doing this, you’ll encourage the plants to develop flower.
Where to keep your new terrarium:
Now that your terrarium is ready make sure to only leave it indoors in a place of light but not direct sunshine.
Enjoy and share picture :)